What Is Spinal Stenosis?

SPINAL STENOSIS:A NEUROLOGIC DEFICIT

Along the lines of evolution, human beings have developed the most advanced nervous system, comprising of the brain and the spinal cord. The spinal cord extends down from the brain in the form a tubular structure, carrying bundles of nervous tissue. Its length in men is around 45cm while in women somewhere near 43cm. surrounding the cord is the skeletal covering of the vertebral column. Any changes, normal or pathological, occurring in the vertebras, have a direct impact on the integrity of the spinal cord, resulting in neurological deficits. One such example is Spinal Stenosis.

In the U.S, approximately 250,000-500,000 people were found to have symptoms of spinal stenosis in a survey.

A stenosis in medical terms means narrowing of any cavity or canal. In spinal stenosis, one or more of the foramina of the vertebra undergo excessive narrowing, compressing the spinal cord or the spinal nerves. This exhibits as a wide range of neurological symptoms.

FORMS OF SPINAL STENOSIS

The stenosis of the spinal canal most commonly affects the lumbar and cervical region, in descending order of frequency.

Cervical spinal stenosis:this occurs at the level of the neck (Cervical). This can be far more dangerous than its counterpart in the lumbar area. It mainly occurs due to wear and tear due to aging, but certain conditions such as spondylosis, hyperostosis, ruptured disc, slipped vertebrae or certain congenital conditions may also play a part. It occurs more commonly in middle aged men.

Lumbar spinal stenosis:Lumbar spinal stenosis occurs at the level of the lower back. With growing age, the discs between the vertebras lose their elasticity and get hardened, which puts pressure in the spinal canal. Also, growths of bony spurs may also be found that grow into the canal, narrowing it down.

TYPES OF SPINAL STENOSIS

On the basis of etiology, spinal stenosis is of the following types:

  • Primary spinal stenosis: this type of stenosis is uncommon, found in only 9% of the patients. It may occur due to congenital malformations such as:
  • Incomplete vertebral arch closure (spinal dysraphism).
  • Segmentation failure.
  • Achondroplasia.
  • Osteopetrosis.
  • Secondary spinal stenosis: secondary or acquired form of the disease is a part of the degenerative changes. This can occur due to following reasons:
  • Trauma- automobile accidents, slip and fall accidents or direct blunt trauma etc.
  • Surgical procedures.
  • Certain medications
  • Systemic diseases that may be involved in secondary stenosis include Paget disease, fluorosis, acromegaly, neoplasm, and ankylosing spondylitis.

SYMPTOMS OF SPINAL STENOSIS

Both congenital and acquired form of the disease confers a risk of acute neurological injury to the patient. This may present as one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain, of varying intensity, radiating from the back to the neck region as well as lower limbs.
  • Numbness and tingling, extending to the buttocks and legs.
  • Loss of motor functions.
  • Lack of bladder and bowel control.
  • Muscle weakness
  • Disturbances in gait.
  • Sensory disturbances.
  • Abnormal reflexes.

TREATMENT OF SPINAL STENOSIS

Treatment options can be:

  • Conservative: The modes of conservative therapy include rest, physical therapy with strengthening exercises for Paraspinal musculature, brace for support, use of optimal postural biomechanics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, analgesics, and antispasmodics.
  • Surgical: removal of the bony spurs or the compressing worn out disk, providing relief to the patient.

PROGNOSIS

The degenerative process can be managed, but it cannot be prevented by diet, exercise, or lifestyle. A study estimate suggests that without surgical intervention, the symptoms remain unchanged in 70% of the patients, and in fact, got worse in 15% of them. The disabling consequences of this disease are inevitable, but their onset can be delayed by adapting a healthier life style.

Recent News

See What's Happening

  • St. Louis Bicycle Accident Claims
    Jan04

    St. Louis Bicycle Accident Claims

    While there are fewer cyclists on the roads than cars and trucks, the injury and mortality rates are much higher than the average motorist....
  • Missouri Dog Bites On the Rise
    Jan04

    Missouri Dog Bites On the Rise

    Dog bites in the US? Nearly 4.5 million per year, according to Insurance Information Institute, dog bites accounted for more than $600 million in...
  • Dog Bite Claims and Homeowners Insurance
    Oct03

    Dog Bite Claims and Homeowners Insurance

    Unless you have experienced a dog bite you are unlikely to realize how serious dog bites can be. In fact they can be so...
  • Insurance Companies Accused of Fake Repairs
    Feb21

    Insurance Companies Accused of Fake Repairs

    Those suffering from an accident need their vehicle repaired so they can get back to work, attend medical appointments, and meet the other demands...
  • Most Dangerous Intersections in Missouri
    Feb14

    Most Dangerous Intersections in Missouri

    Data analyzed from 2005-2010 shows that St. Louis is home to the most dangerous intersection in Missouri. Learn more about Missouri's most dangerous intersections...
  • Distracted Driving Accidents On The Rise
    Feb10

    Distracted Driving Accidents On The Rise

    Distracted driving continues to cause unnecessary suffering. Missouri is home to some of the most lenient laws in the United States when it comes...

Personal Injury Attorney

Legal & Injury Representation St. Louis Deserves.

Results — that's what clients expect from Dixon Injury Firm. Chris brings years of personal injury law experience to the table. Based in St. Louis, his firm provides free consultations and contingency service to the high-caliber injury and liability legal arena. Tell us about your case and we'll show you how to win.

Recent Successes

  • Policy Limits Settlement

    Missouri Truck Accident

    $30,000.00 Settlement

    Missouri Car Crash With Minor Property Damage

  • $40,000 Settlement

    Missouri Low Impact Automobile Accident

    $40,000 Settlement

    Missouri Dog Bite

  • $45,000 Settlement

    Missouri Dog Bite

    $50,000 Settlement

    Missouri Auto Accident

  • $50,000 Settlement

    Missouri Car Accident Crash

    $65,000 Settlement

    Missouri Pedestrian Accident

Get The Representation You Need Today!

Reach out to Chris Dixon for personal injury, workers compensation, product liability, and other legal services for experienced, reliable counsel and representation in St. Louis.

Contact Us Today

Schedule a
Callback

 

Submit Your
Case Details